verbpermitting, permits, permitted
1-vumela‘The farmer would not permit the mountain bikers to cross his land’ — Umlimi akawavumelanga amabhayisikili okuqwala izintaba anqamule emhlabeni wakhe
1imvume‘Do you have a permit to take out crayfish?’ — Unayo imvume yokudoba izikhuphashe?
We pronounce the verb and the noun differently. We say: "I will not permit you to go out tonight", but "You will need a fishing permit".