isenzois, being, was / were, been
1-ba‘Her children stand by her when she is in financial trouble’ — Izingane zakhe ziyameseka ngesikhathi esenkingeni yezimali.‘According to statistics isiZulu is the language with the most mother-tongue speakers in South Africa’ — Ngokwestathistiksi isiZulu ulimi olunabantu balo abaningi abalukhulumayo eNingizimu Afrika.‘Where are you off to, if not to Tšhikidi?’ — Ulibangisephi uma ungayi kuTšhikidi?‘The patient is now being examined by the doctor’ — Isiguli manje sihlolwa udokotela.
The English verb 'to be' is very irregular. In the present tense, for example, we have: I 'am', you 'are', she/he/it 'is', we 'are', both/all of you 'are', they 'are'. In most cases, there is no direct equivalent for the verb 'to be' in isiZulu.